Diagnostic value of 18F-PSMA-1007 PET/CT for predicting the pathological grade of prostate cancer.

IF 4.4 4区 医学 Q2 ONCOLOGY Cancer Biology & Therapy Pub Date : 2024-12-31 Epub Date: 2023-12-20 DOI:10.1080/15384047.2023.2287120
Xiao-Bo Niu, Yan-Peng Li, Jun Wang, Xiao-Li Mei, Xue-Yan Zhao, Ting-Ting Liu, Sha-Sha Xu, Xing-Min Han, Jing-Liang Cheng
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Abstract

This study was designed to evaluate the diagnostic efficacy of relevant parameters of 18F-prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA)-1007 PET/CT in predicting the pathological grade of primary prostate cancer. Briefly, a prospective analysis was performed on 53 patients diagnosed with prostate cancer by systematic puncture biopsy, followed by 18F-PSMA-1007 PET/CT examination prior to treatment within 10 d. The patients were grouped in accordance with the Gleason grading system revised by the International Association of Urology Pathology (ISUP). They were divided into high-grade group (ISUP 4-5 group) and low-grade group (ISUP 1-3 group). The differences in maximum standardized uptake value (SUVmax), tumor-to-background ratio (TBR), intraprostatic PSMA-derived tumor volume (iPSMA-TV), and intraprostatic total lesion PSMA (iTL-PSMA) between the high- and low-grade group were statistically significant (p < .001). No significant difference was found for mean standardized uptake value (SUVmean) between the high- and low-grade groups (Z =  -1.131, p = .258). Besides, binary multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that only iPSMA-TV and iTL-PSMA were independent predictors of the pathological grading, for which the odds ratios were 18.821 [95% confidence interval (CI): 2.040-173.614, p = .010] and 0.758 (95% CI: 0.613-0.938, p = .011), respectively. The area under the ROC of this regression model was 0.983 (95% CI: 0.958-1.00, p < .001). Only iTL-PSMA was a significant parameter for distinguishing ISUP-4 and ISUP-5 groups (Z =  -2.043, p = .041). In a nutshell, 18F-PSMA-1007 PET/CT has good application value in predicting the histopathological grade of primary prostate cancer. Three-dimensional volume metabolism parameters iPSMA-TV and iTL-PSMA were found to be independent predictors for pathological grade.

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18F-PSMA-1007 PET/CT 对预测前列腺癌病理分级的诊断价值。
本研究旨在评估18F-前列腺特异性膜抗原(PSMA)-1007 PET/CT相关参数对预测原发性前列腺癌病理分级的诊断效果。简而言之,该研究对53名通过系统穿刺活检确诊为前列腺癌的患者进行了前瞻性分析,并在治疗前10天内进行了18F-PSMA-1007 PET/CT检查。根据国际泌尿病理学协会(ISUP)修订的格里森分级系统对患者进行分组。他们被分为高级别组(ISUP 4-5 组)和低级别组(ISUP 1-3 组)。高分级组和低分级组的最大标准化摄取值(SUVmax)、肿瘤与背景比(TBR)、泌尿系前列腺内 PSMA 衍生肿瘤体积(iPSMA-TV)和泌尿系前列腺内病变总 PSMA(iTL-PSMA)差异均有统计学意义(P P = .258)。此外,二元多变量逻辑回归分析显示,只有 iPSMA-TV 和 iTL-PSMA 是病理分级的独立预测因子,其几率分别为 18.821 [95% 置信区间 (CI):2.040-173.614,p = .010] 和 0.758 (95% CI:0.613-0.938,p = .011)。该回归模型的 ROC 下面积为 0.983(95% CI:0.958-1.00,p = .041)。总之,18F-PSMA-1007 PET/CT 在预测原发性前列腺癌组织病理学分级方面具有良好的应用价值。研究发现,三维体积代谢参数iPSMA-TV和iTL-PSMA是病理分级的独立预测因子。
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来源期刊
Cancer Biology & Therapy
Cancer Biology & Therapy 医学-肿瘤学
CiteScore
7.00
自引率
0.00%
发文量
60
审稿时长
2.3 months
期刊介绍: Cancer, the second leading cause of death, is a heterogenous group of over 100 diseases. Cancer is characterized by disordered and deregulated cellular and stromal proliferation accompanied by reduced cell death with the ability to survive under stresses of nutrient and growth factor deprivation, hypoxia, and loss of cell-to-cell contacts. At the molecular level, cancer is a genetic disease that develops due to the accumulation of mutations over time in somatic cells. The phenotype includes genomic instability and chromosomal aneuploidy that allows for acceleration of genetic change. Malignant transformation and tumor progression of any cell requires immortalization, loss of checkpoint control, deregulation of growth, and survival. A tremendous amount has been learned about the numerous cellular and molecular genetic changes and the host-tumor interactions that accompany tumor development and progression. It is the goal of the field of Molecular Oncology to use this knowledge to understand cancer pathogenesis and drug action, as well as to develop more effective diagnostic and therapeutic strategies for cancer. This includes preventative strategies as well as approaches to treat metastases. With the availability of the human genome sequence and genomic and proteomic approaches, a wealth of tools and resources are generating even more information. The challenge will be to make biological sense out of the information, to develop appropriate models and hypotheses and to translate information for the clinicians and the benefit of their patients. Cancer Biology & Therapy aims to publish original research on the molecular basis of cancer, including articles with translational relevance to diagnosis or therapy. We will include timely reviews covering the broad scope of the journal. The journal will also publish op-ed pieces and meeting reports of interest. The goal is to foster communication and rapid exchange of information through timely publication of important results using traditional as well as electronic formats. The journal and the outstanding Editorial Board will strive to maintain the highest standards for excellence in all activities to generate a valuable resource.
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