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Inhibition of prefrontal cortex parvalbumin interneurons mitigates behavioral and physiological sequelae of chronic stress in male mice. 抑制雄性小鼠前额叶皮层副视蛋白中间神经元可减轻慢性压力的行为和生理后遗症。
IF 2.6 4区 心理学 Q2 BEHAVIORAL SCIENCES Pub Date : 2024-12-01 Epub Date: 2024-07-04 DOI: 10.1080/10253890.2024.2361238
Nawshaba Nawreen, Kristen Oshima, James Chambers, Marissa Smail, James P Herman

Chronic stress leads to hypofunction of the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC), mechanisms of which remain to be determined. Enhanced activation of GABAergic of parvalbumin (PV) expressing interneurons (INs) is thought to play a role in stress-induced prefrontal inhibition. In this study, we tested whether chemogenetic inhibition of mPFC PV INs after chronic stress can rescue chronic stress-related behavioral and physiological phenotypes. Mice underwent 2 weeks of chronic variable stress (CVS) followed by a battery of behavioral tests known to be affected by chronic stress exposure, e.g. an open field (OF), novel object recognition (NOR), tail suspension test (TST), sucrose preference test (SPT), and light dark (LD) box. Inhibitory DREADDs were actuated by 3 mg/kg CNO administered 30 min prior to each behavioral test. CVS caused hyperactivity in the OF, reduced sucrose preference in the SPT (indicative of enhanced anhedonia), and increased anxiety-like behavior in the LD box. Inhibition of PV IN after stress mitigated these effects. In addition, CVS also resulted in reduced thymus weight and body weight loss, which were also mitigated by PV IN inhibition. Our results indicate that chronic stress leads to plastic changes in PV INs that may be mitigated by chemogenetic inhibition. Our findings implicate cortical GABAergic INs as a therapeutic target in stress-related diseases.

慢性压力会导致内侧前额叶皮层(mPFC)功能减退,其机制仍有待确定。人们认为,副视蛋白(PV)表达的GABA能性中间神经元(INs)的激活增强在压力诱导的前额叶抑制中发挥了作用。在这项研究中,我们测试了慢性应激后对 mPFC PV INs 的化学抑制是否能挽救慢性应激相关的行为和生理表型。小鼠接受了为期两周的慢性可变应激(CVS),随后进行了一系列已知会受慢性应激暴露影响的行为测试,如开阔地(OF)、新物体识别(NOR)、尾悬吊试验(TST)、蔗糖偏好试验(SPT)和光暗箱(LD)。在每次行为测试前 30 分钟,通过给药 3 mg/kg CNO 来激活抑制性 DREADD。CVS 在 OF 中会导致过度活跃,在 SPT 中会降低蔗糖偏好(表明失乐症增强),在 LD 箱中会增加焦虑样行为。应激后抑制 PV IN 可减轻这些影响。此外,CVS还导致胸腺重量减少和体重下降,抑制PV IN也可减轻这些影响。我们的研究结果表明,慢性应激会导致 PV IN 发生可塑性变化,而这种变化可通过化学抑制来缓解。我们的研究结果表明,皮层 GABA 能 INs 是应激相关疾病的治疗靶点。
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引用次数: 0
Understanding the Experiences of Latinx LGBTQ Texans at the Beginning of the COVID-19 Pandemic. 了解德克萨斯州拉美裔男女同性恋、双性恋和变性者在 COVID-19 大流行初期的经历。
IF 2.4 4区 心理学 Q2 PSYCHOLOGY, MULTIDISCIPLINARY Pub Date : 2024-08-23 Epub Date: 2023-08-08 DOI: 10.1080/00918369.2023.2241597
Armin A Dorri, Oralia Loza, Mark A Bond, Erica Ciszek, Yona Elias-Curry, Sheridan Aguilar, Paul Fliedner, Aliza Norwood, Amy L Stone, M Brett Cooper, Vanessa Schick, J Michael Wilkerson, Paige P Wermuth, Robert A Yockey, Phillip Schnarrs

Marginalized communities have been disproportionately affected by COVID-19, including both racial/ethnic minority and sexual minority populations. To date, there has been little research examining the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic at the intersections of marginalized identities. Furthermore, available national data on COVID-19 outcomes may obscure our understanding of region-specific outcomes, particularly in the U.S. South. Using an intersectional approach, we explore differences in worries over COVID-19, preventative behaviors, and COVID-19 outcomes in the early months of the pandemic in a diverse sample of LGBTQ people (N = 1076) living in Texas. Our findings indicated that LGBTQ Latinx people in Texas reported more COVID-19 related worries and adverse outcomes than non-Latinx LGBTQ people. These findings are in line with previous research that found that the increased risk to Latinx and LGBTQ populations in public health crises is often overlooked and can be attributed to many factors such as socioeconomic status, occupational propensity, disparities in physical health, and barriers to healthcare access. Furthermore, our findings suggest the necessity of utilizing an intersectional approach when examining the disproportionate burden marginalized communities face in public health crises.

边缘化群体受到 COVID-19 的影响尤为严重,包括少数种族/族裔和性少数群体。迄今为止,很少有研究探讨 COVID-19 大流行对边缘化身份的交叉影响。此外,关于 COVID-19 结果的现有全国性数据可能会模糊我们对特定地区结果的理解,尤其是在美国南部。我们采用交叉的方法,以居住在得克萨斯州的 LGBTQ 群体(N = 1076)为样本,探讨了大流行初期几个月中对 COVID-19 的担忧、预防行为和 COVID-19 结果的差异。我们的研究结果表明,与非拉丁裔 LGBTQ 相比,得克萨斯州的拉丁裔 LGBTQ 群体报告了更多与 COVID-19 相关的担忧和不良后果。这些研究结果与之前的研究结果一致,即拉美裔和 LGBTQ 群体在公共卫生危机中面临的风险增加往往被忽视,这可能归因于多种因素,如社会经济地位、职业倾向、身体健康方面的差异以及获得医疗保健服务的障碍。此外,我们的研究结果表明,在研究边缘化群体在公共卫生危机中面临的过重负担时,有必要采用交叉方法。
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引用次数: 0
Disentangling Gender-Based Attitudes from Sexuality-Based Attitude: The Person-Based Approach to Measuring Implicit Attitudes Toward Gay Men and Lesbian Women. 从性取向态度中分离性别态度:以人为本的方法测量对男女同性恋者的内隐态度。
IF 2.4 4区 心理学 Q2 PSYCHOLOGY, MULTIDISCIPLINARY Pub Date : 2024-08-23 Epub Date: 2023-07-07 DOI: 10.1080/00918369.2023.2233657
Joel R Anderson, Xochitl de la Piedad Garcia, Juan Manuel Falomir-Pichastor, Leah M Kaufmann

In this paper, we present the person-based approach to measuring implicit attitudes toward gay men and lesbian women-this approach uses face stimuli rather than traditionally used symbols, and creates salient social categories through contextual variation techniques. Across 5 experiments using the Go/No Go Association Task (n = 364), we present evidence that the person-based approach can disentangle implicit gender-based attitudes from implicit sexuality-based attitudes, that these attitudes vary as a function of participant gender and sexuality, and that they are different to attitudes elicited by typically used stimuli. We demonstrate that implicit person-based gender attitudes toward straight and gay people are similar and are consistent with the literature (i.e. attitudes toward [lesbian] women are more positive than attitudes toward [gay] men). However, we reveal a reversed pattern of findings for person-based implicit sexuality attitudes (i.e. attitudes toward gay men are more positive than attitudes toward lesbian women). These findings suggest that the person-based approach uniquely captures nuanced implicit attitudes toward gay men and lesbians, raising important questions regarding previous findings.

在本文中,我们提出了一种基于人的方法来测量对男同性恋和女同性恋女性的内隐态度。这种方法使用面部刺激而不是传统使用的符号,并通过上下文变化技术创建显著的社会类别。通过5个使用Go/No Go关联任务的实验(n = 364),我们提出的证据表明,基于人的方法可以将基于性别的内隐态度与基于性的内隐心态区分开来,这些态度随着参与者的性别和性取向而变化,并且它们与典型使用的刺激引发的态度不同。我们证明,对异性恋和男同性恋者基于内隐的性别态度是相似的,并且与文献一致(即对[女同性恋]女性的态度比对[男同性恋]男性的态度更积极)。然而,我们揭示了基于个人的隐性性态度的相反发现模式(即对男同性恋的态度比对女同性恋的态度更积极)。这些发现表明,基于个人的方法独特地捕捉到了对男同性恋和女同性恋者微妙的隐含态度,这对之前的发现提出了重要的问题。
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引用次数: 0
Complex Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Links Trauma Exposure and Suicidal Behaviors Among Sexual Minority Populations: A New Target in Suicide Prevention? 复杂的创伤后应激障碍将性取向少数群体中的创伤暴露与自杀行为联系起来:预防自杀的新目标?
IF 2.4 4区 心理学 Q2 PSYCHOLOGY, MULTIDISCIPLINARY Pub Date : 2024-08-23 Epub Date: 2023-07-19 DOI: 10.1080/00918369.2023.2233654
Émilie Ellis, Elizabeth Wieling, Allan Tate

Exposure to potentially traumatic events and posttraumatic stress are known risk factors for suicidal thoughts and behaviors (STB). Research suggests that sexual minorities are disproportionately exposed to traumatic events and experience greater STB than their heterosexual peers, although few studies have explored connections between these parallel disparities. Further, existing literature may implicate complex posttraumatic stress disorder (CPTSD) as a potential mechanism in the trauma-suicide connection among sexual minorities. This study uses a sample from the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC-III; n = 1351) to test structural equation models for associations between trauma exposure, heterosexist discrimination, and CPTSD with suicide attempt status. We found CPTSD mediated associations between exposure to traumatic events and presence of a lifetime suicide attempt among sexual minority male and female samples. Discrimination demonstrated a synergistic effect on the association between trauma exposure and CPTSD, but, among males, CPTSD did not fully explain associations between discrimination and suicide attempts. Our findings suggest that CPTSD should be considered an important mechanism in the trauma-suicide connection for sexual minorities and may be a potentially important target for suicide prevention and that interventions should address the influence of discrimination on traumatic stress in this high-risk population.

暴露于潜在的创伤事件和创伤后应激是自杀想法和行为(STB)的已知风险因素。研究表明,与异性恋同龄人相比,性少数群体接触创伤事件的比例更高,经历的 STB 也更多,但很少有研究探讨这些平行差异之间的联系。此外,现有文献可能将复杂性创伤后应激障碍(CPTSD)作为性少数群体中创伤与自杀之间联系的潜在机制。本研究利用全国酒精及相关疾病流行病学调查(NESARC-III;n = 1351)的样本,对创伤暴露、异性恋歧视和 CPTSD 与自杀未遂之间的关联进行结构方程模型测试。我们发现,在性少数群体男性和女性样本中,CPTSD 在创伤事件暴露和终生自杀未遂之间起着中介作用。歧视对创伤暴露与 CPTSD 之间的关联有协同作用,但在男性中,CPTSD 并不能完全解释歧视与自杀未遂之间的关联。我们的研究结果表明,CPTSD 应被视为性少数群体创伤与自杀之间联系的一个重要机制,并可能成为预防自杀的一个重要目标,干预措施应解决歧视对这一高风险人群创伤压力的影响。
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引用次数: 0
The Relations Between Self-Warmth, Self-Coldness, Internalized Heterosexism, and Depressive Symptoms Among Sexual Minority Men: A Moderated-Mediation Model. 性少数群体男性中的自我温暖、自我冷漠、内化的异性恋主义与抑郁症状之间的关系:调节模型
IF 2.4 4区 心理学 Q2 PSYCHOLOGY, MULTIDISCIPLINARY Pub Date : 2024-08-23 Epub Date: 2023-09-11 DOI: 10.1080/00918369.2023.2245523
Alexander J Ristvej, Suzanne McLaren, Peter D Goldie

Depression is a prevalent mental health issue for sexual minority men (SMM), with the internalization of sexual identity-based stigma a key risk factor. Self-warmth is a protective factor and self-coldness is a risk factor for depressive symptoms, yet limited research in this area has focused on SMM. In the present study, an international sample of 1,285 gay and 487 bisexual men completed measures of depression, internalized heterosexism, and self-warmth/self-coldness. A multiple linear regression showed that internalized heterosexism explained 0.4% unique variance, self-warmth explained 0.5% unique variance, and self-coldness explained 18.8% unique variance in depressive symptoms. Self-warmth was directly and indirectly related to lower levels of depressive symptoms among SMM. In contrast, self-coldness was directly related to higher levels of depressive symptoms among SMM, and indirectly related to higher levels of depressive symptoms only for gay men. Findings should inform work aiming primarily to reduce self-coldness among SMM, thereby reducing depressive symptoms.

抑郁症是性少数群体男性(SMM)普遍存在的心理健康问题,而基于性身份的污名化是一个关键的风险因素。自我温暖是抑郁症状的保护因素,而自我冷漠则是抑郁症状的风险因素,但这方面针对性少数群体男性的研究却很有限。在本研究中,一个由 1285 名男同性恋和 487 名双性恋组成的国际样本完成了抑郁、内化异性恋主义和自我温暖/自我冷漠的测量。多元线性回归显示,在抑郁症状中,内化异性恋解释了 0.4% 的独特方差,自我温暖解释了 0.5% 的独特方差,自我冷漠解释了 18.8% 的独特方差。在 SMM 中,自我温暖与较低的抑郁症状水平直接或间接相关。与此相反,自我冷漠直接导致男男性行为者抑郁症状水平升高,仅间接导致男同性恋者抑郁症状水平升高。研究结果应为旨在减少男同性恋、双性恋和变性者的自我冷漠从而减少抑郁症状的工作提供参考。
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引用次数: 0
Sexual and Gender Minority Differences in Likelihood of Being a Caregiver and Levels of Caregiver Strain in a Sample of Older Adults. 在老年人样本中,性少数群体和性别少数群体在成为照顾者的可能性和照顾者压力水平上的差异。
IF 2.4 4区 心理学 Q2 PSYCHOLOGY, MULTIDISCIPLINARY Pub Date : 2024-08-23 Epub Date: 2023-07-17 DOI: 10.1080/00918369.2023.2233656
Ethan Morgan, Christina Dyar, Brian A Feinstein, Karen Rose

Over the next two decades, the number of caregivers is expected to climb dramatically alongside a rise in older adults, particularly sexual and gender minority (SGM) older adults, yet little research has assessed differences between SGM and non-SGM care partners. Data for these analyses come from the Columbus Healthy Aging Project (N = 79). This study was designed to assess several domains of health among adults aged ≥50 years in Columbus, Ohio, US. Multivariable regression models were used to examine the likelihood of being a care partner, the SGM identity of the primary care recipient, and caregiver strain. In our sample, 227 (28.6%) participants self-identified as care partners for at least one individual. Compared to heterosexuals, gay/lesbian (aOR = 8.38; 95% CI: 5.29, 13.29) participants were more likely to be care partners but did not experience elevated caregiver strain. Bisexual individuals (aIRR = 1.70, 95% CI: 1.11, 2.61) reported greater caregiver strain, while those identifying as a different sexual identity reported lower caregiver strain (aIRR = 0.46, 95% CI: 0.23, 0.96). In turn, caregiver strain was reduced significantly when the care recipient identified as a member of the SGM community (aIRR = 0.67: 95% CI: 0.55, 0.80). These results suggest that SGM care partners may be at risk of unique stressors which may contribute to extant health disparities.

在未来二十年中,随着老年人,尤其是性与性别少数群体(SGM)老年人的增加,护理人员的数量预计将大幅攀升,但很少有研究对 SGM 与非 SGM 护理伙伴之间的差异进行评估。这些分析数据来自哥伦布健康老龄化项目(N = 79)。这项研究旨在评估美国俄亥俄州哥伦布市年龄≥50 岁的成年人的几个健康领域。研究采用了多变量回归模型来考察作为护理伴侣的可能性、主要护理对象的 SGM 身份以及护理者的压力。在我们的样本中,有 227 名参与者(28.6%)自我认同为至少一人的护理伙伴。与异性恋者相比,同性恋者(aOR = 8.38; 95% CI: 5.29, 13.29)更有可能成为护理伙伴,但他们的护理压力并没有增加。双性恋者(aIRR = 1.70,95% CI:1.11, 2.61)的照顾者压力更大,而不同性身份者的照顾者压力较小(aIRR = 0.46,95% CI:0.23, 0.96)。反过来,当被照顾者认同为 SGM 群体成员时,照顾者的压力也会明显减轻(aIRR = 0.67:95% CI:0.55, 0.80)。这些结果表明,SGM 护理伙伴可能会面临独特压力的风险,而这些压力可能会导致现存的健康差异。
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引用次数: 0
Sounds Like There was No Sexual Orientation Discrimination? Attributions to Discrimination on the Basis of Auditory Gaydar. 听起来没有性取向歧视?基于听觉的同性恋歧视归因。
IF 2.4 4区 心理学 Q2 PSYCHOLOGY, MULTIDISCIPLINARY Pub Date : 2024-08-23 Epub Date: 2023-08-10 DOI: 10.1080/00918369.2023.2233655
Peter Hegarty, Fabio Fasoli

Auditory gaydar happens when people's heterosexuality is called into question by their vocal characteristics. Auditory gaydar has been shown to prompt discrimination against both women and men interviewing for leadership positions. Two experiments tested whether attributional ambiguity makes auditory gaydar discrimination difficult to detect in such contexts. Either heterosexual participants (Study 1, n = 161) or heterosexual and sexual minority participants (Study 2, n = 238) heard short clips of straight- vs. lesbian/gay-sounding speakers, described as unsuccessful applicants for leadership positions. Participants explained the speakers' unsuccessful outcome in their own words and rated the likelihood that gender and sexual orientation discrimination caused that outcome. Attributions to gender discrimination were common whilst attributions to sexual prejudice were vanishingly rare. Women targets were rated more likely to have experienced gender discrimination, and lesbian/gay-sounding targets were rated more likely to have experienced sexual orientation discrimination by some participants (Study 1) or all participants (Study 2). We conclude that auditory gaydar may prompt discriminatory treatment in leadership hiring processes more readily than in prompts the recognition that discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation has occurred.

当人们的声音特征使其异性恋身份受到质疑时,就会出现听觉同性恋歧视。研究表明,听觉同性恋歧视会促使面试领导职位的女性和男性受到歧视。有两个实验测试了归因模糊性是否会使听觉同性恋歧视在这种情况下难以察觉。异性恋参与者(研究 1,n = 161)或异性恋和性少数群体参与者(研究 2,n = 238)都听到了直男与女同/男同声音发言人的简短片段,这些发言人被描述为申请领导职位的失败者。参与者用自己的话解释了演讲者落选的原因,并对性别歧视和性取向歧视造成这一结果的可能性进行了评分。归因于性别歧视的情况很普遍,而归因于性偏见的情况则少之又少。部分参与者(研究 1)或所有参与者(研究 2)认为女性目标更有可能遭受性别歧视,而女同性恋/男同性恋目标更有可能遭受性取向歧视。我们的结论是,听觉上的 "同志雷达 "在领导招聘过程中可能更容易引发歧视性待遇,而不是促使人们认识到已经发生了基于性取向的歧视。
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引用次数: 0
Same-Sex Kissing and Having a Gay or Lesbian Child: A Bridge Too Far? Parent-Child Similarities in Homophobic Attitudes and Observed Parental Discomfort. 同性接吻与生男同性恋或女同性恋的孩子:桥太远?恐同态度中的亲子相似性和观察到的父母不适感。
IF 2.4 4区 心理学 Q2 PSYCHOLOGY, MULTIDISCIPLINARY Pub Date : 2024-08-23 Epub Date: 2023-08-29 DOI: 10.1080/00918369.2023.2233658
Tessa M van de Rozenberg, Antoinette D A Kroes, Lotte D van der Pol, Marleen G Groeneveld, Judi Mesman

This study examined parent-child similarities in homophobic attitudes and observed parental discomfort with coming-out vignettes in interactions with their adolescent children (14-18 years old). Based on gender schema theory and the family process model we expected parent-child similarities in homophobic attitudes to be stronger in same-gender dyads. Further, we expected that observed parental discomfort with coming-out vignettes would occur and is stronger when the gender of the parent, child, and character in the vignette match. We used questionnaires and observation data from 199 White Dutch families in the Netherlands. Our results showed that parents' homophobic attitudes were associated with their children's homophobic attitudes. For same-sex kissing and (imagining) having a gay son, these associations were stronger between parents and children of the same gender. Further, parental discomfort with coming-out vignettes occurred and was stronger when parents and children had the same gender, regardless of the gender of the vignette character. In conclusion, policies aiming at gay and lesbian inclusion should not be limited to accepting gay/lesbian identities, but also pay attention to the acceptance of same-sex intimacy expressions, having gay or lesbian family members, and normalizing discussions about gay/lesbian lives.

本研究考察了父母与子女在恐同态度上的相似性,并观察了父母在与青少年子女(14-18 岁)互动时对出柜小故事的不适感。根据性别模式理论和家庭进程模型,我们预计父母与子女在恐同态度上的相似性在同性别的二人组中更强。此外,我们还预计,当父母、孩子和小故事中人物的性别一致时,父母对出柜小故事的不适感会更强烈。我们使用了来自荷兰 199 个白种荷兰家庭的调查问卷和观察数据。结果表明,父母的恐同态度与子女的恐同态度相关。在同性接吻和(想象)有一个同性恋儿子方面,父母与同性子女之间的关联性更强。此外,当父母和子女的性别相同时,无论小故事中的人物性别如何,父母都会对出柜小故事感到不适,而且这种不适感会更强烈。总之,旨在实现男女同性恋者包容的政策不应局限于接受同性恋者的身份,还应关注对同性亲密关系表达方式的接受、拥有同性恋家庭成员以及对同性恋者生活的正常化讨论。
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引用次数: 0
"In a Religious Celebration"? The Religious Defense of LGBT Rights in U.S. Federal Courts. "在宗教庆典中"?美国联邦法院对男女同性恋、双性恋和变性者权利的宗教辩护》。
IF 2.4 4区 心理学 Q2 PSYCHOLOGY, MULTIDISCIPLINARY Pub Date : 2024-08-23 Epub Date: 2023-07-17 DOI: 10.1080/00918369.2023.2233659
Kelsy Burke, Emily Kazyak, Maia Behrendt

This article advances scholarship on the relationship between sexuality, religion, and the law within the United States by analyzing case summaries and court opinions of the federal appellate cases decided between 1990 and 2020 that involve a religion-based claim being used to advance or defend gay and lesbian rights. Contrary to dominant public narratives that position religion uniformly in opposition to progressive sexual values, these cases show how Americans' religious beliefs and practices include diverse sexual identities. We find that the courts' reactions to such cases, however, illustrate the tension within legal discourse and hesitancy for the courts to equate religious and moral values with affirming LGBT identities, people, and rights. Our findings suggest that the courts and litigants define what religion is-and what it is not-by positioning it in relation to sexuality.

本文通过分析 1990 年至 2020 年间联邦上诉法院判决的案件摘要和法院意见,对美国国内性、宗教和法律之间的关系进行了学术研究。与将宗教与进步的性价值观统一对立起来的主流公共叙事相反,这些案例显示了美国人的宗教信仰和实践如何包含了不同的性身份。我们发现,法院对此类案件的反应说明了法律话语中的紧张关系,以及法院在将宗教和道德价值观等同于肯定男女同性恋、双性恋和变性者身份、人群和权利时的犹豫不决。我们的研究结果表明,法院和诉讼当事人通过将宗教与性行为联系起来来定义宗教是什么,以及宗教不是什么。
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引用次数: 0
Advertising for Brands and Society: The Role of Perceived Authenticity in Corporate Transgender Advocacy Advertising Campaigns. 为品牌和社会做广告:感知真实性在企业变性宣传广告活动中的作用》(The Role of Perceived Authenticity in Corporate Transgender Advocacy Advertising Campaigns)。
IF 2.4 4区 心理学 Q2 PSYCHOLOGY, MULTIDISCIPLINARY Pub Date : 2024-08-23 Epub Date: 2023-08-09 DOI: 10.1080/00918369.2023.2245522
Hayoung Sally Lim, Won-Ki Moon, E Ciszek

While organizations have increasingly engaged in corporate social advocacy (CSA) for sexual and gender diverse populations, transgender people have often been overlooked in LGBTQ advocacy campaigns. Among the different strategic communication tactics that can be used in CSA, advertising is an important channel for organizations to send their prosocial messages as well as to publicly demonstrate their support of particular causes and populations. Given the tension between growing social acceptance of gender diverse populations and anti-transgender political landscape in the USA, only a handful of organizations have recently shown transgender advocacy advertising campaigns. This study explores corporate transgender advocacy advertising campaigns as one contemporary CSA program, attending to the role of authenticity in CSA effectiveness. Findings show cisgender people perceive authenticity from transgender advocacy advertising campaigns regardless of their gender, which in turn, mitigates consumer skepticism and increases the willingness to engage with the campaign on social media and, further, to engage with other transgender advocacy campaigns. Theoretical and practical implications are discussed.

尽管越来越多的组织参与了针对不同性取向和性别人群的企业社会倡导(CSA)活动,但变性人在 LGBTQ 倡导活动中却常常被忽视。在企业社会倡导可以使用的各种战略沟通策略中,广告是企业传递亲社会信息以及公开展示其对特定事业和人群的支持的重要渠道。鉴于美国社会对不同性别人群的接受度不断提高,而反变性人的政治环境却日益紧张,最近只有少数组织开展了变性人宣传广告活动。本研究探讨了作为当代 CSA 项目之一的企业变性宣传广告活动,关注真实性在 CSA 效果中的作用。研究结果表明,无论性别如何,变性人都能从变性宣传广告活动中感受到真实性,这反过来又减轻了消费者的怀疑,增加了他们在社交媒体上参与活动的意愿,并进一步增加了他们参与其他变性宣传活动的意愿。本文讨论了其理论和实践意义。
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引用次数: 0
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